It's true - a lot, if not most, indie dyers dye on superwash bases. Superwash yarn takes dye beautifully, and it's still very high in demand, so it doesn't come as a surprise that it constitutes a large portion of the indie dyed yarn market!
Not being an indie dyer myself, I definitely didn't feel qualified to comment on why indie dyers might choose superwash over non-superwash and what the difference in dyeing and selling is.
So I reached out to a few different indie dyers and I'm so excited to share the perspectives of Karida fromNeighborhood Fiber Co. and Bethany from Woolberry Fiber Co. with you in today's and next week's blog posts, starting with Karida today!
Karida Collins founded Neighborhood Fiber Co.in 2006. Fast forward 14 years and she and her team not only dye beautifully bright yarn inspired by urban landscapes, but also run a studio store (closed right now due to Covid-19) and offer a vast range of knitting- and not-so-much-knitting-related notions (hello commUNITY T-Shirts!).
Karida has raised almost 100,000 USD for her NFC Momentum Fund, a donor-advised charitable fund at the Baltimore Community Foundation, through which she supports a variety of organizations working for justice, empowerment and equality in Baltimore, where she lives and works. Talk about a force for good!
Here's her perspective on offering both superwash and non-superwash yarns:
If I'm not mistaken, you recently started to introduce non-superwash bases to your portfolio (Rustic Fingering comes to mind!). Would you be able to share a little bit about thewhy behind that decision?
The decision to add some non-superwash yarns was largely a response to demand. More and more customers are interested in wool yarn that feels woolly and behaves like wool. I have also started to move away from the traditional superwashing process [ed. note: the Hercosett-Chlorine process] because of its impact on the environment.
It's the same reason that I'm slowly eliminating nylon from all of the yarns and why we've made a conscious effort to decrease our water usage.
I'm also really curious about thehow. Was it difficult to find a non-superwash yarn supplier or mill that you felt comfortable working with? What were some of the obstacles or challenges you encountered when you set out on this path?
I work with a mill that is very responsive to my needs. So for me, the hardest part was just explaining it to them. They were very confused about why I would want non-superwash yarn. However, my experience is largely influenced by my ability to buy 1000 pounds of yarn at a time. It's easier to get what you want when you can buy a lot at a time.This factor was VERY important when I started to make the transition to GOTS Certified machine-washable wool as a replacement for superwash. The minimum order was 900 pounds of wool.
I'm not a yarn dyer myself, but I've heard from multiple indie dyers that dyeing on superwash and non-superwash is very, very different. From your experience, what are the main differences when working with superwash vs. non-superwash bases?
Because the superwashing process smooths out all of the tiny fibers, it has a sheen to it that non-superwash wool does not. It's also more ready to take up the dye, so it's easier to get brighter, more saturated colors with superwash yarn. You can also be less careful about temperature and agitation with superwash yarn. Because of the possibility of felting, we are more gentle with the non-superwash yarn.
However, as a dyer, if you can dye roving, then you can dye yarn that isn't superwash. It's just a slower process with more gradual dye absorption.
How does, from your experience, superwash vs non-superwash yarn differ in terms of margins and demand from knitters? Does one of them clearly sell better?
The Rustic Fingering yarn is the only base that's fully transitioned in our lineup at this time, and the response really varies. Some people miss the sheen of the superwash yarn, while other people really appreciate the sheepy smell and "stickiness" of the non-superwash yarn.
We're beginning to experiment with a slightly lower micron count wool for the Rustic Fingering that is still non-superwash to see if that gives us back some of the sheen and saturation while maintaining the things we really like about the wool. For people that really want a superwash yarn, we have the Studio Sock, which will remain machine-washable.
How easy is it to find out about the superwash processes your yarn suppliers use?
All of my suppliers have been very forthcoming when I ask questions about their processes or procurement.
Do you have any advice for fellow indie dyers who are exploring either an introduction of non-superwash yarns or maybe even a full switch?
If you have a supplier with whom you have a good working relations, just ask.Even if you can't order enough yarn to make a big minimum for a custom order, there is a chance that other dyers have been asking the same questions. If there's enough interest, a mill may be willing to try something different.
Thank you so, so much for sharing your insights with us, Karida! I learned a lot reading your answers, and I can't wait to get my hands on some Rustic Fingering yarn!